Output A: A National Spatial Development Plan
A1. Preparing of a National Spatial Development Plan
A National Spatial Development Plan is needed to provide the ‘big picture’ framework for achieving the national objectives of more balanced urban distribution with due regard to environmental considerations. The importance of a spatial strategy at the national level stems from the fact that the current population is concentrated in the narrow Nile Delta and its Valley, representing only 6.5% of the total area of Egypt. Exploring new opportunities for expansion in other desert areas is essential to alleviate pressure on valuable agricultural land and to accommodate the expected population growth in a harmonious manner.
The National Spatial Development Plan aims to be a road map that will guide development in Egypt to 2050, reflecting the Government’s goals and vision. It will highlight areas suitable for urban development as well as a network of expansion corridors and hubs that will interlink main areas of economic activity and major population agglomerations, and identify size, type and location of required transportation routes. In addition, the National Spatial Development Plan will promote the achievement of the social equity and a fair distribution of basic and social services among all Egyptian regions. Overall, the Plan should reflect the state’s socioeconomic goals and vision as well as ensure the progress towards the MDGs fulfillment.
The National Spatial Development Plan component of the project will begin with a review of previous studies, including MDGs, and approaches to develop national spatial plans based on functional regions and ‘functional corridors’ that integrate several economic regions. Egypt’s neighbors will be invited to a conference to discuss a regional development vision. This will identify potential impacts of each other’s national visions and provide a macro-perspective for the development of Egypt’s National Spatial Development Plan for 2050. Then Egypt’s current situation will be analyzed and national/international expertise will be invited to assist in studies to identify challenges and opportunities and to suggest projects that can maximize the opportunities, and to develop a corridor planning methodology.
Wider stakeholder communication will be achieved by workshops to discuss and refine the proposed plan structure prepared by the experts. These workshops will also be a forum to prioritize the suggested projects according to the national 5-year plans.
The National Spatial Development Plan will consist of a map of Egypt in 2050 showing the areas for new settlements and the new corridors, and a Report, which will contain chapters on ‘Vision’, ‘Assets’, ‘Objectives, long term and short term’, ‘National Projects’, and ‘Priorities’ in 5-year blocks of time.
The lessons learned from the preparation of the National Spatial Development Plan will be consolidated and documented in order to allow for future updating of the Plan. A documented methodology for developing land use plans for Development Corridors will be another documented output of this component of the project.